Monthly Archives: June 2018

Home network improvements – Router from Scratch [1/3]

This is the second blog post about my home network improvements series.

Gateway Appliance Picture - License CC BY-SA by Cuda-mwolfe

Gateway Appliance – License CC BY-SA by Cuda-mwolfe

In the previous post, we have evaluated our options for a new router and the conclusion was to build the hardware from PC parts and to install OPNsense. However, given that our selected PC parts are a bit too recent, the embedded NIC (a i219V) inside the intel B360 chipset is not yet recognised by the underlying FreeBSD core.

Therefore, we will now see how to build a router from scratch based on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. I will only configure it for IPv4 as currently my ISP provides only IPv4 connectivity. I am currently planning a series of 3 posts including that one:

  1. Router features list (this post)
  2. Creating a basic router (to be published)
  3. Extra services (to be published, could be splitted in more than one post)

Disclaimer: I am not a security engineer, although I am very familiar with many aspects of security and security analysis. I am also not a network engineer, although I am very knowledgeable in network protocols, network programming and network security. This article is an exercise for me to see how far I can build a router for SOHO purpose. I make no warranty that it works as intended, nor that I will maintain this article to keep it up to date with respect to network technology and threats. Use at your own risk.

Note: I am mostly going to avoid using any Ubuntu specific tools but of course some will be unavoidable (e.g. network IP address configuration). So this guide should apply to other Linux distributions. Of course there will be some adaptations to do, especially with respect to configuring the network interfaces as there are so many different tools to do that.

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Home network improvements

Currently my home network is pretty simple … at least for a computer scientist! ;-)

Gateway Appliance Picture - License CC BY-SA by Cuda-mwolfe

Gateway Appliance – License CC BY-SA by Cuda-mwolfe

My ISP provided an all-in-one box with TV, landline and network router. The latter being very limited and with a crap WiFi access point (AP). So I’ve been using my old Asus RT-AC68U router as a gateway, a 24 ports switch and a Ubiquiti Unifi AP for providing WiFi in the complete house (and garden). The router and switch went into the basement whereas I’ve placed the AP roughly in the house centre. The ISP box could not be configured as bridge but supported to set a DMZ host, so I’ve configure the Asus router to be the DMZ.

Here is the basic setup:

+--------+             +--------+
|        |    DMZ      |        |          +------------------------+
|ISP Box +-------------+ Router +----------+ Switch                 |
|        |             |        |          +--+------+---+---+---+--+
+--------+             +--------+             |      |   |   |   |
                                              |      |   |   |   |
                                           +--+--+   +   +   +   +
                                           | AP  | Home Network / Lab
                                           +-----+

So I’m using only 2 ports on my router (or more exactly network gateway), the WAN and one on the LAN. This router is the peace in my current network I want to change and I will explain why and how.

Post updated on 2018-06-13.

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